Anil Kumar

M. Sc.

Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee

Ph. D.

Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR), New Delhi.



Research Interest

Microbiome and Human Cancers

Group Members

Nishu Dalal, Dr. Payal Gulati, Anuradha Gupta, Manish Kushwaha, Govind Prakash 

Summary of Research

There are increasing research reports which establish the link between human microbiota and carcinogenesis. Pathogenic bacteria and altered microbiota interact with mucosal surface and as a result, epithelial damage can be seen especially in chronic infection conditions. It can be reckoned that gut microbiota-derived metabolites play key role in epithelial damage and carcinogenesis. More and more intriguing data are hinting at a much broader link between microbiota, bacterial infections, inflammation and carcinogenesis. The mechanism of this relationship between bacteria and human cancer is not well studied and understood, hence our laboratory aim to delineate this complex interaction among microbiota, bacterial infections, inflammation and carcinogenesis. We also plan to explore the role of bacteria, microbiota and their metabolites in enhancing cancer immunotherapy. 

Current Projects 

Towards understanding the link between intestinal microbiota and colorectal cancer 

The gut microbiota is considered as a forgotten organ in human health and disease. It maintains gut homeostasis by various complex mechanisms. The dysbiosis or disruption of gut flora has been confirmed to be related to gastrointestinal diseases such as CRC and other diseases in different organs. Colorectal cancer is a multi-factorial and multi-stage involved disorder. The role for microorganisms that initiate and facilitate the process of colorectal cancer has become clear. Our group is studying the link of gut microbes in colorectal cancer causation. Clearly, more information is needed about mechanisms through which the microbial community promotes carcinogenesis. Understanding the events leading to development of intestinal carcinogenesis through gut microbes will provide novel insight into this pathology, and potentially lead to new therapeutic modalities targeting the microbiota.

Sensor/biosensor for detection of gut bacteria and their metabolites

The microbiota-derived metabolites such as Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) have been implicated in human health and disease, and their early detection in the body fluids is thought to be significant in understanding pathogenesis and treatment of colorectal cancer and other diseases like Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular, cerebrovascular etc.   Recent studies have identified a number of metabolites and microbes that have important roles in human health and disease and can be considered as biomarkers for diagnosis of different diseases.

Awards/ Fellowships

  • CSIR Technology Award, 2012.
  • Merck Millipore India Innovation Award, 2012.
  • 'Young Scientist Award’ from IUBMB, 2006.
  • ‘Young Investigator Award’ from HUPO, 2004.
  • Merit Scholarship from DBT during M.Sc. at IIT Roorkee.


Current funding of our laboratory is from Department of Science and Technology (SERB), ICMR and DRDO. We also acknowledge funding from NII.

Inventorship in Patents (Granted)

US6896806 US7018510 US7022511 US7179633 US7267772
US7429478 US7736879 US7906008 US8080403 US7396671
EP1613739 EP1611282 EP1836133 EP1831682 EP1996520
GB1613739 GB1831682 GB1836133 GB1996520  IN221931
IN224060 IN231224 IN243806 IN244344 IN244801
FI120771 A2008/07816 ZA 2005/7593 CN352084 SE529680
CN 368495 FI1613739 SE1613739 DE1613739 CN200380110308.1
FR1996520 ZA 2007/5292 ZA2007/05230 ZA2007/05225  ZA2005/07609
FI1611282 AU2004326112 FR1611282 SE1611282 CNZL200480044738.2
DK1836133 AU2004326074 AU2004326080 DE1611282 AU2004326113
DK1831682 AU2007226332 BE1996520 DE1996520 CNZL200480044739.7
CH1996520 IT1996520 ES1996520 ZA2005/7592  


Selected Publications

  • Dalal N, Dhiman TK, Lakshmi GBVS, Singh AK, Solanki PR* and Kumar A* (2022) MIP based sensor for detection of gut microbiota-derived Indoxyl Sulfate using PANI-Graphene-NiS2. Mater. Today Chem. (*Corresponding Author)
  • Verma D,  Sajwan RK,   Lakshmi GBVS, Kumar A* and Solanki P* (2022) A Molecularly Imprinted Polymer based on Novel Polyaniline–Zinc Sulfide Nanocomposite for Electrochemical Detection of Trimethylamine N-Oxide. Environ. Sci.Nano. (*Corresponding Author)
  • Sharma R, Lakshmi GBVS, Kumar A* and Solanki P* (2022) Polypyrrole Based Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Platform for Klebsiella pneumonia Detection. ECS Sens. Plus 1 010603, (*Corresponding Author)
  • Verma D, Yadav AK, Chaudhary N, Mukherjee MD, Kumar P, Kumar A*, Solanki PR* (2022) Recent advances in understanding SARS-CoV-2 infection and updates on potential diagnostic and therapeutics for COVID-19. Coronaviruses. Volume 3, Issue 4, DOI: 10.2174/2666796703666220302143102  (*Corresponding Author)
  • Mohan A, Girdhar M, Kumar R, Chaturvedi HS, Vadhel A, Solanki P, Kumar A, Kumar D, Mamidi N (2021) Polyhydroxy butyrate-based nanocomposites for bone tissue engineering. Pharmaceuticals 2021, 14, 1163.
  • Yadav AK,  Verma D,  Chaudhary N, Kumar A and Solanki PR (2022) Aptamer Based Switches: A Futuristic Approach in H. pylori Detection. Materials Letters .308, Part B,2022, 131239,
  • Lakshmi GBVS, Yadav AK, Mehlawat N, Jalandra R, Solanki PR and Kumar A* (2021) Gut microbiota derived trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) detection through molecularly imprinted polymer based sensor. Sci Rep. 11, 1338 (2021). (*Corresponding Author)
  • Jalandra R, Dalal N, Yadav AK, Verma D, Sharma M, Singh R, Khosla A, Kumar A, Solanki PR. Emerging role of trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) in colorectal cancer. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol.Oct;105(20):7651-7660. doi:10.1007/s00253-021-11582-7.
  • Dhiman TK, Lakshmi GBVS, Dave K, Roychoudhury A, Dalal N, Jha SK, Kumar A, Han KH and  Solanki PR (2021) Rapid and label-free electrochemical detection of fumonisin-b1 using microfluidic biosensing platform based on Ag-CeO2 nanocomposite. J. Electrochem. Soc. DOI:10.1149/1945-7111/ac13cf
  • Dalal N, Jalandra R, Bayal N, Yadav AK, Harshulika, Sharma M, Makharia GK, Kumar P, Singh R, Solanki P, Kumar A* (2021) Gut microbiota-derived metabolites in CRC progression and causation. J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol. DOI:10.1007/s00432-021-03729-w  (*Corresponding Author)
  • Hashmi Z, Dhiman TK, Chaudhary N, Singh AK, Kumar A* and Solanki PR (2021) L-Cysteine capped MgS quantum dots and their application in optical detection of levofloxacin. Front. Nanotechnol.3,2. DOI: 10.3389/fnano.2021.616186 (*Corresponding Author)
  • Yadav AK,  Verma D, Kumar P, Kumar A and Solanki PR (2021) The perspectives of biomarkers based electrochemical immunosensors, artificial intelligence and the internet of medical things towards COVID-19 diagnosis and management. Materials Today Chemistry. 20,100443,
  • Dalal N, JalandraR,  Sharma M, Prakash H, Makharia GK, Solanki P, Singh R, Kumar A* (2020) OMICS technologies for improved diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer: Technical advancement and major  perspectives. Biomed Pharmacother. 131, 2020, 110648.  (*Corresponding Author)
  • JalandraR,  Yadav AK, Verma D, Dalal N, Sharma M, Singh R, Kumar A*, Solanki P (2020) Strategies and perspectives to develop SARS-COV-2 detection methods and diagnostics. Biomed Pharmacother. 129, 2020, 110446. (*Corresponding Author)
  • Toor D, Wsson MK, Kumar P, Karthikeyan G, Kaushik NK, Goel C, Singh S,  Kumar A and  Prakash H (2019)  Dysbiosis Disrupts Gut Immune Homeostasis and Promotes Gastric Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 2432.
  • Gahoi S, Mandal RS, Ivanisenko N, Shrivastava P, Jain S, Singh AK, Raghunandanan MV, Kanchan S, Taneja B, Mandal C, Ivanisenko VA, Kumar A, Kumar R. Open Source Drug Discovery Consortium, Ramachandran S (2013) Computational Screening for New Inhibitors of M. tuberculosis Mycolyltransferases Antigen 85 Group of Proteins as Potential Drug Targets. J Biomol Struct Dynam 31(1):30-43 
  • Dhall P, Siddiqi TO, Ahmad A, Kumar R, Kumar A* (2012) Rapid monitoring and assessment of pollutional load in Dairy Waste Water. Anal. Methods, 2013,5, 977-981.(*Corresponding Author)
  • Majhi MC, Behera AK, Kulshrestha NM, Mahmooduzafar,  Kumar R, Kumar A* (2012) Extreme: A unified web repository of ex\tremophilic  microorganisms.  PLoS ONE, 8(5): e63083. (*Corresponding Author)
  • Dhall P, Kumar R, Siddiqi TO and Kumar A* (2012) Selection of an apt support for immobilization of microbes for developing BOD biosensor. Anal. Methods  2013, 5, 1533-1541. (*Corresponding Author)
  • Dhall P, Kumar R, Kumar A* (2012) BODBEADS – A ready to use seeding material for estimation of organic load of wastewater. Anal. Methods, 2012,4, 4101-4106 (*Corresponding Author)
  • Kumar A*, Dhall P, Kumar R, (2012) Biological AOX removal of pulp mill plant effluent by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa – Bench study J Environ Eng Landsc Manag 21(4), 296-304. (*Corresponding Author)
  • Gupta S, Saxena M, Saini N, Mahmooduzzafar, Kumar R, Kumar A* (2012) An Effective Strategy for a Whole-Cell Biosensor Based on Putative Effector Interaction Site of the Regulatory DmpR Protein. PLoS ONE 7(8): e43527 (*Corresponding Author)
  • Saini R, Kapoor R, Kumar R, Siddiqui TO and Kumar A (2011) CO2 utilizing microbes-A comprehensive review. Biotechnol Adv 29(6):949-60.
  • Suresh PS, Kumar R and Kumar A (2011) Three dimensional model for N-terminal A domain of DmpR (2-dimethylphenol) protein based on secondary structure prediction and fold recognition. In Silico Biol 10(5):223-33
  • Singh Y, Dhall P,  Mathur  R, Jain R, Thakur V, Kumar V, Kumar R and Kumar A (2011) Bioremediation of pulp and paper mill effluent by tannic acid degrading Enterobacter sp. Water Air Soil Pollut 218:693-701
  • Rani A, Jain S, Dureja P, Kumar R and  Kumar A (2011) Synthesis of some 3-(5-chloro-1,3-diaryl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1-arylprop-2-en-1-ones and 1,5-bis(5-chloro-1,3-diaryl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pent-1,4-diene-3-ones and their antimicrobial activity. Indian J Chem B Org 50B:1534-1531
  • Joshi S, Bisht GS, Rawat DS, Kumar A, Kumar R, Maiti S and Pasha S (2010) Interaction studies of novel cell selective antimicrobial peptides with model membranes and E. coli ATCC 11775. Biochim Biophys Acta 1798(10):1864-75
  • Kumar A, Dhall P and Kumar R (2010) Redefining BOD:COD ratio of pulp mill industrial wastewaters in BOD analysis by formulating a specific microbial seed. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation  64(3):197-202
  • Kulshreshtha NM, Kumar A, Dhall P, Bisht G, Pasha S, Gupta S and Kumar R (2010) Neutralization of alkaline industrial wastewaters using Exiguobacterium sp. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation  64(3):191-196
  • Tiku DK, Kumar A, Chaturvedi R, Makhijani SD, Manoharan A and Kumar R (2010) Holistic bioremediation of pulp mill effluents using autochthonous bacteria. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 64(3): 173-183
  • Saini R, Majhi MC, Kapoor R, Kumar A and Kumar R (2009) CSD: A database of CO2 utilizing strains. Environ Model Software 24(9):1133-1134 
  • Suresh PS, Kumar A, Kumar R and Singh VP (2008) An Insilco approach to bioremediation: Laccase as a case study. J Mol Graph Model 26(5):845-849 
  • Dhall P, Kumar A, Joshi A, Saxsena TK, Manoharan A, Makhijani SD, Singh VP and Kumar R (2008) Quick and reliable estimation of BOD load of beverage industrial wastewater by developing BOD biosensor. Sensor Actuator B Chem 133(2):478-483
  • Bisht GS, Rawat DS, Kumar A, Kumar R and Pasha S (2007) Antimicrobial activity of rationally designed amino terminal modified peptides. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 17(15):4343-4346
  • Tiku DK, Kumar A, Sawhney S, Singh VP and  Kumar R (2007)  Effectiveness of treatment technologies for wastewater pollution generated by Indian pulp mills. Environ Monit Assess 132:453-466   
  • Rastogi S, Kumar A, Mehra NK, Makhijani SD, Manoharan A, Gangal V, Kumar R (2003) Development and characterization of a novel immobilized microbial membrane for rapid determination of biochemical oxygen demand load in industrial waste-waters. BiosensBioelectron 18 (1):23-29

Copyright © 2012 National Institute of Immunology. All Rights Reserved.

150 Years of Celebrating The Mahatma